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Statement Course of Action

course of action concept

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Statements Course of Action

Assessing courses of action is a major area of consistent thinking. This is a customary element in Bank examine exams. This sort of questions is planned to examine the choice – making abilities of the applicant.

Typically, the directions of the questions will be long and understanding them in the examination hall is time consuming . Subsequently, understanding the question arrangement is of almost significance.

General idea of question is one statement is followed by two courses of action. As per the given instruction, candidate has to select which course of action is suitable.

There are two varieties of questions. They are:
1. Problem – solution relation:
is given and need to suggest about course of action i.e. course of action is nothing but directly an immediate solution.

  • course of action/solution must be practically viable – it must be easily implemented.
  • It must be a solution or it must solve the problem or it should minimize the problem.
  • It must be established fact.
  • It must be logically correct.
  • Solution must not be too remote for the problem/ correlated with given situation.

2. Fact – situation and improvement:
Here, no need to find solution infact need to find solution for improving that.

  • Solution must be a practical suggestion for improving the situation.
  • It must provide some scope of improvement.

Format of the problem:
Directions:- In the questions a fact statement is given followed by two recommended courses of action numbered I and II. On the basis of information given in the statement, need to assume everything in the statement to be true. Then choose which of the given actions follows.
Options:
(a) If only course of action I follows.
(b) If only course of action II follows.
(c) If both the course of action follow.
(d) If neither follows.
(e) If the data given is inadequate i.e., if in the light of the given information. It cannot be asserted with certainty whether a course of action follows or not.

NOTE: In a large portion of the cases, a circumstance has more than one course of action. Be that as it may, they are never exclusive to each other. So, answer should be always “both follow” and not “either of them follows”.

Normally there will be two broad types of pattern in such questions:

  1. Problem and Solution based: When the presented situation talks of a problem and the suggested course of action talk of a solution.
  •  It solves / reduces of minimize the problem
  • the solution or course of action is practically Possible.
  • A suggested course of actions can be said to solve/reduce/minimize, the problem.

When; (a) It is an established fact. ie, It is acknowledged universally as a fact.

Note: A suggested course of action may indeed solve a problem but in practical life it may not be advisable or possible. If it is so, then the course of action is rejected.

For e.g. –

Statement: A large number of people in ward X of the city are diagnosed to be suffering from a fatal malaria type.

Courses of Action: I. The city municipal authority should take immediate steps to carry out extensive fumigation in ward X.

  1. The people in the area should be advised to take steps to avoid mosquito bites.

(1). Only I follows

(2). Only II follows

(3). Either I or II follows

(4). Neither I nor II follows

(5). Both I and II follow

Answer is (5) - Clearly, prevention from mosquitoes and elimination of mosquitoes are two ways to prevent malaria. The action will reduce the problem. So, both the courses follow.

 

  1. Fact and Improvement based: When the presented situations talks of a simple fact (not a problem, just a situation) and the suggested courses of action suggest ways of improvement.

 Format of the Problem: These types of questions contain two or more statement and these statements are followed by the number of Courses of Action. You have to find which Course of Action will logically follow from the given statement.

 For e.g.-

Statement: Exporters in the capital are alleging that commercial banks are violating a Reserve Bank of India directive to operate a post shipment export credit denominated in foreign currency at international rates from January this year.

Courses of Action: I. The officers concerned in the commercial banks are to be suspended.

  1. II. The RBI should be asked to stop giving such directives to commercial banks.

(1)Only I follows

(2) Only II follows

(3) Either I or II follows

(4) Neither I nor II follows

(5) Both I and II follow

Answers (4) - The statement mentions that the commercial banks violate a directive issued by the RBI. The remedy is only to make the banks implement the Act. So, none of the courses follows.

 

Steps to Solve

 What is the approach to solve the questions of this section?

  1. Don’t make your individual perception.
  2. Act according to the rules of any organization.
  3. Go for impartial and personal thinking.
  4. Existing practices are not effective Course of Action.
  5. Whenever problem arises, it is always sensible course of action to find out the cause.

 Important Points to proceed step by step to reach final courses of action:

  1. Extreme or strict action is not valid course of action.
  2. The actions should be a positive step towards the solution of the problem, rather harsh and undemocratic.
  3. Analyses course of action whether it will solve the problem or lessen it. For proper analysis check with

(i) Universal truth
(ii) Experience
(iii) Logic

  1. Check out practical course of action. Simple problem must have simple course of action, not a complex one which might create more problem than to solve or reduce.
  2. In most of the cases, a situation has more than one course of action. But they are never exclusive to each other. So our answer should be always "both follow" and not "either of them follows".
  3. If course of action and problems are properly balanced and if the course of action is also feasible than that action can be followed.

Sample Questions

  1. Statement : Youngsters are often found staring at obscene posters.

Courses of Action :

  1. I) Children should be punished and penalized if they are found doing so.
  2. II) Any display of such materials should be banned.

(1) Only I follows

(2) Only II follows

(3) Either I or II follows

(4)  Neither I nor II follows

(5) Both I and II follow

Ans (2) only II follows.

Explanation: Bad things attract more and punishment after the act has been committed is no remedy. The act should be prevented so only II follows.

 

  1. Statement: Footpaths of a busy road are crowded with vendors selling cheap items.

Courses of Action :

  1. I) The help of police should be sought to drive them away.
  2. II) Some space should be provided to them where they can earn their bread without blocking footpaths.

(1) Only I follows

(2) Only II follows

(3) Either I or II follows

(4)  Neither I nor II follows

(5) Both I and II follow

Ans (5) Both I and II follow

Explanation: The best solution for the problem is to give an alternative to it. II suggests an alternative and hence follows. But how can we be sure that the vendors would leave the footpaths if they are given alternative means of livelihood? For that we have to use force and hence I also follows.

 

  1. Statement: Rapid growth of urban population has led to a severe shortage of living space resulting in a drop in living conditions .

Courses of Action:

  1. I) The Government should draw plans for urban re planning and development.
  2. II) All village to town migrations should be stopped .
  3. II) The Government should demolish the five-star hotels and build peoples cottages there.

(1) Only I follows

(2) Only III follows

(3) I & III follow

(4) I & II follow

(5) All follow

Ans (1) Only I follows.

Explanation: I is a positive step towards the solution of the problem. III is rather harsh and undemocratic. II too is an extreme action. Both II & III would violate the Fundamental Rights of the Indian Constitution.

 

  1. Statement : Although advancement medical science has raised life expectancy, the rate of child mortality remains high in India.

Courses of Action :

  1. I) Efforts should be made to lower life expectancy.
  2. II) Medical scientists should be asked to give up their jobs.

III) Efforts should be made to decrease the rate of child mortality.

(1) I & II follow

(2) II & III follow

(3) I & III follow

(4) Only I follows

(5) Only III follows

Ans (5) Only III follows.

Explanation: I is an absurd suggestion. II is an extreme action not required in the present circumstances. III is undeniably a proper course of action.

 Directions(5 - 12) : In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.

Give answer

(A) If only I follows

(B) If only II follows

(C) If either I or II follows

(D) If neither I nor II follows

(E) If both I and II follow.

 

5.Statement: The Asian Development Bank has approved a $285 million loan to finance a project to construct coal ports by Paradip and Madras Port Trusts.

Courses of Action: (I)India should use financial assistance from other international financial organisations to develop such ports in other places.

(II)India should not seek such financial assistance from the international financial agencies.

  1. Only I follows
  2. Only II follows
  3. Either I or II follows
  4. Neither I nor II follows

Both I and II follow

6. Statement: A large number of people die every year due to drinking polluted water during the summer.

Courses of Action: (I)The government should make adequate arrangements to provide safe drinking water to all its citizens. 

(II)The people should be educated about the dangers of drinking polluted water.

A.Only I follows

B.Only II follows

C.Either I or II follows

D.Neither I nor II follows

E.Both I and II follow

7. Statement: There is an unprecedented increase in migration of villagers to urban areas as repeated crop failure has put them into precarious financial situation.

Courses of Action: (I)The villagers should be provided with alternate source of income in their villages which will make them stay put.

(II)The migrated villagers should be provided with jobs in the urban areas to help them survive.

A.Only I follows

B.Only II follows

C.Either I or II follows

D.Neither I nor II follows

E.Both I and II follow

8. Statement: The car dealer found that there was a tremendous response for the new XYZ's car-booking with long queues of people complaining about the duration of business hours and arrangements.

Courses of Action: (I)People should make their arrangement of lunch and snacks while going for car XYZ's booking and be ready to spend several hours.

(II)Arrangement should be made for more booking desks and increased business hours to serve more people in less time.

A.Only I follows

B.Only II follows

C.Either I or II follows

D.Neither I nor II follows

E.Both I and II follow

9.  Statement: The Central Bureau of Investigation receives the complaint of an officer taking bribe to do the duty he is supposed to.

Courses of Action: (I)CBI should try to catch the officer red-handed and then take a strict action against him.

(II)CBI should wait for some more complaints about the officer to be sure about the matter.

A.Only I follows

B.Only II follows

C.Either I or II follows

D.Neither I nor II follows

E.Both I and II follow

10. Statement: The availability of imported fruits has increased in the indigenous market and so the demand for indigenous fruits has been decreased.

Courses of Action: (I)To help the indigenous producers of fruits, the Government should impose high import duty on these fruits, even if these are not of good quality.

(II)The fruit vendors should stop selling imported fruits. So that the demand for indigenous fruits would be increased.

A.Only I follows

B.Only II follows

C.Either I or II follows

D.Neither I nor II follows

E.Both I and II follow

11. Statement: On an average, about twenty people are run over by trains and die every day while crossing the railway tracks through the level crossing.

Courses of Action: (I)The railway authorities should be instructed to close all the level crossings.

(II)Those who are found crossing the tracks, when the gates are closed, should be fined heavily

A.Only I follows

B.Only II follows

C.Either I or II follows

D.Neither I nor II follows

E.Both I and II follow 

12. Statement: A very large number of students have failed in the final high school examination due to faulty questions in one of the subjects.

Courses of Action: (I)All the students who have failed in the subject should be allowed to take supplementary examination.

(II)All those who are responsible for the error should be suspended and an enquiry should be initiated to find out the facts.

A.Only I follows

B.Only II follows

C.Either I or II follows

D.Neither I nor II follows

E.Both I and II follow

Answers:

5.Answer: Option A

Explanation: Clearly, such projects shall be an asset and a source of income to the country later on. So, course I shall follow

6.Answer: Option E

Explanation: The situation demands creating awareness among people about the dangers of drinking polluted water so that they themselves refrain from the same, and at the same time taking steps to provide safe drinking water. So, both the courses follow

7.Answer: Option A

Explanation: Clearly, increased migration would add to the burden on city's infrastructure. So, attempts should be made to make the villagers feel comfortable in the villages itself. So, only course I follows.

8.Answer: Option B

Explanation: Seeing the tremendous response, the dealer must make suitable arrangements and deploy more personnel to take care of customers so that they don't have to wait excessively long for booking. So, only course II follows.

9.Answer: Option A

Explanation:Clearly, one complaint is enough for a wrong doing. This should be confirmed by catching the guilty red-handed and then strict action taken against him. So, only course I follows.

10.Answer: Option D

Explanation: The ideas suggested in both I and II represent unfair means to cut competition. The correct way would be to devise methods and techniques such that the indigenous producers could produce better quality fruits and make them available in the market at prices comparable with those of the imported ones. Hence, neither I nor II follows.

11.Answer: Option B

Explanation: The accidents can clearly be prevented by barring people from crossing the tracks when the gates are closed, So, only II follows.

12.Answer: Option E

Explanation: There being faulty questions in the examination paper is a blunder on the part of school management and students should not be made to suffer on account of this. Thus, a re-test should be organised for the students and those responsible for the error be penalised to prevent reoccurrence of such mistake in the future. Hence, both the courses follow.