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CURRENT AFFAIRS 22 MAY 2017

 

 

NATIONAL AFFAIRS

Manual titled Living conditions in Institutions for Children in conflict with Law released by WCD Ministry
As per the directions of the Supreme Court, Union Ministry of Women and Child Development has developed a manual titled “Living conditions in Institutions for Children in conflict with Law”.
Objective: To provide guidelines to the States/UTs and other stakeholders which will help them to establish institutions for children in conflict with law and providing appropriate institutional and rehabilitative services to them.
About the Manual:
i. The Manual has been framed within the purview of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 and Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Model Rules, 2016.
ii. It will serve as a single point reference for all aspects of the living conditions and other issues pertaining to children in conflict with law who are in Observation Homes, Special Homes and Place of Safety.
iii. Processes to be followed by all concerned stakeholders while providing services to children have been comprehensively listed in this manual.
♦ Ms. Maneka Gandhi is the current Union Cabinet Minister for Women & Child Development.

India’s Anshu Jamsenpa becomes first Indian woman to conquer Mt Everest twice within 5 days
India’s Anshu Jamsenpa has become the first woman to conquer Mount Everest twice within five days.
Key Points:
iAnshu Jamsenpa along with Nepali climber Furi Sherpa scaled the peak at 8:00 am on 21st of May.
ii. Jamsenpa set the world record becoming the first woman climber to make double ascent in five days’ time.
iii. She is also the first Indian woman to scale Mt Everest for the fifth time.
iv. Brij Mohan Sharma, popularly known as Breeze Sharma has become the first civilian from the Indian Navy to summit Mount Everest.


INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Commissioning a Study on Common Risk Mitigation Mechanism for Solar Power Generation Projects in Solar Resource Rich Countries Under Aegis of ISA
India and other solar rich countries including Argentina, Burkina-Faso, Chad, France, Ivory Coast, Mali, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Sénégal, Uganda and Yemen have jointly supported commissioning of a study to define and structure a Common Risk Mitigation Mechanism (CRMM) for solar power generation projects in solar rich countries.
i. Currently, cost of capital, accounts for major portion of the final cost of renewable energy, in particular solar PV.
ii. As per a calculation by Council on Energy, Environment and Water, cost of capital accounts for 70% of the total cost of solar power in India.

Number of unaccompanied refugee and migrant children hits ‘record high’ – UNICEF
On May 18, 2017, United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) mentioned that number of children travelling alone has increased five–fold since year 2010. According to the new UNICEF report titled A Child is a Child: Protecting children on the move from violence, abuse and exploitation, at least 300,000 unaccompanied and separated children were recorded in some 80 countries in the combined years of 2015 and 2016, up from 66,000 in 2010 and 2011.
i. Out of the 300,000 unaccompanied and separated children, 170000 sought asylum in Europe. Most of them arrived in Europe by undertaking a dangerous journey across the Mediterranean Sea.
ii. In order to ensure physical safety and protect rights of these children, UNICEF has asked Governments to commit to its Six-point Agenda for Action

2017 Arctic Energy Summit (AES) held in Finland
The 2017 Arctic Energy Summit (AES) will be held in Helsinki, Finland from September 18-20 2017.
Key Points:
i. It will be hosted by the Institute of the North and Finland Ministry of Economy and Employment.
ii. The 2017 Arctic Energy Summit builds on the Sustainable Development Working Group’s.
iii. It addresses energy as a fundamental element of the sustainable development of the Arctic, and occurs during Finland’s Chairmanship of the Arctic Council (2017-2019).
iv. The three-day Summit will focus on a diverse set of topics, including: oil and gas; geothermal, solar, wind, hydro and tidal energy; utilities; microgrids; energy policy and regulation; community impacts; energy finance and investment; climate change; and energy security.
v. The AES is a multi-disciplinary event expected to draw several hundred industry officials, scientists, academics, policy makers, energy professionals and community leaders together to collaborate and share leading approaches on Arctic energy issues.

Jaipur Literature Festival kicked off in London
The Jaipur Literature Festival was inaugurated in London on 21st of May, 2017
Key Highlights:
i. At the festival South Asia’s literary heritage, oral and performing arts, books and ideas, dialogue and debate are presented.
ii. It included a wide array of authors and artists from India and the UK.
iii. This year marks the fourth London edition of the festival, which has its roots in the Pink City of Jaipur where it marked its 10th anniversary in January this year.
iv. The British Library is the second largest library in the world and it presented number of items catalogued, played host to the annual festival.
v. The inaugural event saw sessions on the experience of the Beatles rock band in India in the 1960s.
vi. Indian High Commissioner to the UK Yashvardhan Kumar Sinha opened the two-day event’s proceedings at the world- famous library.
vii. Other sessions include a conversation between Oscar- winning director Stephen Frears and ShrabaniBasu, the author of ‘Victoria and Abdul’.
viii. Philip Norman, the biographer of the iconic pop group the Beatles and Indian journalist Ajoy Bose, researcher of the Beatles’ years in India, discussed the magic and mystery of the band’s experience in India.





BUSINESS

Three Indian brands among world’s top 50 luxury goods companies
The three Indian companies — Gitanjali Gems, Titan and PC Jeweller — have been named in the list of top 50 luxury companies.
Key Notes:
i. It was topped by Louis Vuitton.
ii. Gitanjali Gems Ltd was placed in the 30th rank, followed by Titan Company (31st) and PC Jeweller (44th) in the fourth annual Global Powers of Luxury Goods report.
iii. The top three companies are LVMH Moet Hennessy-Louis Vuitton SA, Compaigne Financiere Richemont SA and The Estee Lauder Companies Inc.
iv. The report noted that the world’s 100 largest luxury goods companies generated sales of USD 212 billion in 2014-15.
v. The average luxury goods annual sales for a top 100 company stood at USD 2.1 billion.


AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS

Two Indian peacekeepers Brijesh Thapa and Private Ravi Kumar to be honored posthumously with UN medal
Two Indian peacekeepers, Rifleman Brijesh Thapa and Private Ravi Kumar are among the 117 military, police and civilian personnel to be honoured with the prestigious Dag Hammarskjold Medal by the United Nations posthumously for their courage and sacrifice in the line of duty.
i. Rifleman Brijesh Thapa served with the UN Organisation Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) and Private Ravi Kumar was deployed with the UN Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL).
ii. The medal will be awarded on May 29, 2017, observed as International Day of UN Peacekeepers.

Deveshwar, Soumitra Chatterjee conferred Bengal’s highest civilian award
Thespian Soumitra Chatterjee and India’s longest serving boss Y.C. Deveshwar have been conferred with the Banga Samman.
♦ It is the West Bengal’s highest civilian award, by Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee.
About Banga Samman award
i. The Banga Samman awards were instituted in 2011, after Banerjee came to power.
ii .Celebrated artistes, singers, sports persons, filmmakers, intellectuals have been honoured with these awards in the past.
iii. Two categories of awards are presented as part of Banga Samman – Banga Bhushan and Banga Bibhushan.
iv. This year recipients of Banga Bhushan are Bangladeshi singer Rezwana Chowdhury Banya, folk singer Hidmat Fakir, Chapal Bhaduri.


APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNS

German policewoman to become first female referee in Europe’s top-flight leagues
A German policewoman Bibiana Steinhaus becomes the first female referee in Europe’s top leagues. She is 38-year-old.
Key Notes:
i. Bibiana Steinhaus has been a fourth official for Bundesliga matches and a German FA (DFB) referee since 1999.
ii. She will be the first female referee in Europe’s top five leagues.
iii. Steinhaus will referee the women’s Champions League final in Cardiff from1st of June.
iv. She is one of the four referees who have been promoted to the list of Bundesliga referees for 2017-18.


ENVIRONMENT

In tribute to APJ Abdul Kalam, NASA names new species after him
A newly discovered organismfound on the International Space Station has been named after APJ Abdul Kalam by NASA.
Key Points:
i. The name of the bacterium is Solibacilluskalamii and the species name is after Dr Abdul Kalam and genus name is Solibacillus which is a spore forming bacteria.
ii. The filter on which the new bug was found remained on board the International Space Station for 40 months.
iii. Till date, the new organism which is a form of bacteria has been found only on the International Space Station (ISS) and has not been found on Earth.
About NASA
♦ NASA formed in 29th July 1958.
♦ NASA HQ : Washington D.C.
♦ NASA Administrator: Robert M. Lightfoot
♦ NASA Deputy Administrator: Lesa Roe


SPORTS

Vaishnavi shone won 2 gold medal in the first Asia level yoga competition
Vaishnavishone a Coimbatore girl won 2 gold medals in the first Asia level yoga competition in Thailand. She has won in the junior category (13 to 15 years).
Key Points:
i. Overall 150 participants from Singapore and Thailand took part in the meet which was held in Bangkok.
ii. Vaishnavi has received various awards and titles including “Yoga Rani” and “Yoga Natchathra” and “Young Achiever Award” from India Yoga Association and Government of Tamil Nadu.
iii. She has won more than 200 gold medals, including 60 in national-level yoga competitions held at Kochi, Gujarat and Bengaluru.

Harikrishna wins against Ian in Moscow FIDE Grand Prix
Indian Grand Master Pentala Harikrishna won against Russian GM Ian Nepomniachtchi.
Key Notes:
i. Pentala Harikrishna beats Ian Nepomniachtchi in 8thround.
ii. The FIDE Grand Prix was held in Moscow.
iii. After claiming his second victory of the tournament, Harikrishna climbs up to 12th position.
iv. He will take on Teimour Radjabov of Azerbaijan in his last round game and achieve a higher rank in the tournament.






NECROLOGY

Stanley Greene, Teller of Uncomfortable Truths, Dies at 68
Stanley Greene has died at the age of 68 in Paris.
Key Notes:
i. He was known for his intuitive and brutally honest photographs of wars, including conflicts in Chechnya, Georgia, Afghanistan and Iraq.
ii. Stanley Greene was one of the few African-American photographers who worked internationally.


IMPORTANT DAYS

World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development
The World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development was observed on 21 May 2017.
Key Points:
i. Its main aim is to bridge the gap between different cultures.
ii. In December 2002, the UN General Assembly in its resolution declared 21 May as the World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development
iii. The day aims to deepen the understanding of the values of cultural diversity.
iv. To advance the four goals of the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions:
(a)Support sustainable systems of governance for culture.
(b)Promote human rights and fundamental freedoms.
(c)Achieve a balanced flow of cultural goods and services and increase mobility of artists and cultural professionals.
(d) Integrate culture in sustainable development frameworks.

Anti-Terrorism Day – May 21 2017
The Anti-terrorism Day was observed on 21st of May 2017 across our country to make the people aware of the anti-social act of terrorism and its impact on human suffering and psyche. Key Points:
i. It is celebrated to commemorate the death anniversary of the former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
ii. The objective of Anti-Terrorism day is to oppose all forms of terrorism and to uphold and promote peace, social harmony and understanding among all fellow human beings.
iii. Chamba Deputy Commissioner Sudesh Mokhta administered the anti-terrorism pledge to officers and employees of various departments.