Executive & Judiciary Control of INDIA

Executive ControlIt means the control exercised by the chief executive (political executive) over the functioning of bureaucracy. Such control in the USA is exercised by the president and his secretariesIn India and Britain by the cabinet and ministers (individually).In the parliamentary government, the cabinet is collectively responsible to the parliament for its policies and actions.Each minister is also individually responsible for the acts of omission and commission in his Ministry/department.In other words, ministerial responsibility is the basic features of the parliamentary government.For this very reason, the political executive (cabinet and ministers) exercise control over administration.Political Direction (policy – making) In India,… (READ MORE)


El NINO EFFECT OF  MANSOONA feature connected with the SO is the El Nino, a warm ocean current that flows past the Peruvian CoastIn place of the cold Peruvian current, every 2 to 5 years.ENSO (El Nino Southern Oscillations)The changes in pressure conditions are connected to the El Nino. Hence, the phenomenon is referred to as ENSO This is a name given to the periodic development of a warm ocean current along the coast of PeruIt occurs when easterly trade winds in the tropical pacific relax- even reverse- to allow a vast pool of warm water piled up in of central… (READ MORE)


Download Current Affairs PDF (Hindi) NATIONAL AFFAIRSRailways to launch Operation Swarn to revamp Rajdhani, Shatabdi Trains The Railway Ministry will launch “Operation Swarn” (swarn means gold in Hindi) to improve services in Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express trains. The move has come as a response to repeated complaints of deteriorated services, low quality of food and poor sanitation in these trains. i. ‘Operation Swarn’ will be conducted in a phased manner. Under the first phase, the Mumbai-Delhi Rajdhani Express and Mumbai-Ahmedabad Shatabdi Express have been selected for upgradation, for which the work will start from September 2017. ii. An amount of Rs… (READ MORE)

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Gagan Aircraft Navigation-Science and Technology

Gagan Aircraft NavigationWith the satellite-based navigation system, the pilot is provided with on-board position for precision and non-precision landing approaches and for en route applications. This will result in the opening up of air connections to a large number of small Airports that lack the conventional full-fledged navigational facilities.The basic requirement for a satellite-based navigation system is a constellation of satellites with known orbits, which can be used as reference. Satellite-based navigation system is not new. The US government launched a satellite constellation known as Global Positioning System (GPS) in the 1980s for use by the military. It is also… (READ MORE)


भारतीय संविधान के अनुसार प्रत्येक राज्य में एक विधानमंडल (Legislature) का प्रावधान किया गया है. किसी राज्य में एक सदन और किसी में दो का प्रावधान है |2017 तक केवल सात राज्यों में विधान मंडल और विधान परिषद् दोनों का प्रावधान है, वे राज्य हैं – > आंध्र प्रदेश, बिहार, उत्तर प्रदेश, कर्नाटक, महाराष्ट्र, तेलंगाना और जम्मू और कश्मीर में दो सदनों का प्रावधान है | शेष राज्यों में एक ही सदन है. दो सदन वाले विधानमंडल का उच्च सदन विधान परिषद् (Legislative Council) और निम्न सदन विधानसभा (Legislative Assembly) कहलाता है. जैसे केंद्र में लोकसभा का महत्त्व राज्यसभा से… (READ MORE)


Download Current Affairs PDF (Hindi) NATIONAL AFFAIRSIndore India’s first city to use robot to control unruly traffic Indore has become the first city in India where a robot is being used on an experimental basis to control its ever growing and unruly traffic. i. The traffic police in association with a private engineering college of the city for the first time installed a metallic robot at a busy MR 9 intersection on an experimental basis to control the chaotic traffic in the locality. ii. This robot has been designed and manufactured by two professors of an engineering college of the… (READ MORE)

Types of Deficit in India – Economics Notes for SSC Cgl

 Types of Deficit in India Under various types of government deficits, primarily, there are four types of deficit in India.Revenue Deficit-It is the excess of government revenue expenditure over revenue receipts.  Therefore, it indicates that government cannot meet its current expenditure from its current revenue.Revenue Deficit = Revenue expenses- Revenue receiptsRevenue deficit includes only such transactions that affect current income and expenditure of government. This means government is using savings of other sectors of economy to finance its consumption expenditure. This implies it will have to borrow to finance consumption also (along with investment). The revenue deficit is usually represented in… (READ MORE)


Download Current Affairs PDF (Hindi) NATIONAL AFFAIRSPunjab Finance minister Manpreet Badal presented State budget for the year 2017-18 On June 20, 2017, Punjab Finance minister Manpreet Badal presented a state budget of Rs 1.18 lakh crore for the financial year 2017-18. Highlights of Punjab Budget presented for 2017-18 ♦ The budget presented by Manpreet Badal, focused on reducing the crushing debt burden and restoring fiscal stability. ♦ The budget laid special emphasis on education and social sectors. ♦ Badal also mentioned that Punjab’s outstanding debt will be Rs 1.95 lakh crore by the end of the financial year. Free education… (READ MORE)

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VITAMIN A: (Retinol)The important deficiency states due to lack of vitamin A in the diet are:i. Night Blindness: In the early stages of vitamin A deficiency, the individual cannot see well in dim light. In advanced deficiency, the subject cannot see objects in dim light.ii. Xerosis Conjunctiva: The conjunctiva is dry, thickened, wrinkled and pigmented. The pigmentation gives conjunctiva a smoky appearance.iii. Xerosis Cornea: When dryness spreads to cornea, it takes on a hazy, lusterless appearance.iv. Bitot’s Spots: Greyish glistening white plaques, formed of desquamated thickened conjuctival epithelium, usually triangular in shape and firmly adhering to the conjuctiva.Under the national… (READ MORE)


Download Current Affairs PDF (Hindi) NATIONAL AFFAIRS114-year-old Taj Palace becomes first Indian building to get trademark 114-year old Taj Palace (also referred to as Taj Mahal Palace) in Mumbai has become first Indian building to get itself trademarked, thereby joining the elite and small club of trademarked properties in the world which includes the Empire State Building in New York, the Eiffel Tower in Paris and Sydney Opera House. i. Taj Palace getting a trademark is a unique instance as the registration of an architectural design has never been attempted since the Trademark Act came into force in 1999. ii. Now nobody… (READ MORE)