Active Passive Rule


ACTIVE /PASSIVE RULES : ​ voices Definition – voice refers to the form of the verb that indicates whether the doer of an action is the subject or object in a sentence.

John (subject, doer or agent of the action) ate an apple (object, doer or agent of the action)

There are two type of voice-

  1. Active voice
  2. Passive voice

Active voice In active voice a sentence begins with a subject (They, The teacher).

Example – They will do the work.

Passive voiceIn passive voice a sentence begins with an object (The work) .

Example – The work will be done by them.

Formation of passive voice

1) The object in the active becomes the subject in the passive.

2) The subject of the active is expressed as by+ agent.

3) The active verb becomes be+ past participle (3rd form of the verb)

4) To be forms (is, am, are, was, were, be, been, being) are used.

How to make a Passive Voice

Rule no.ActivePassive

Present Simple

V1st s/es


Is/am/are +V3rd

 She likes butter.Butter is liked by her.
 I like apples.Apples are liked by me.

Present continuous

is/ am/ are+ V ing form


Is/ am/ are + being + V3rd

 He is not sweeping the floor.The floor is not being swept by him.
 They were carrying the injured player off the field.The injured player was being carried off the field.

Present perfect

Has/ have + V3rd


Has/ have been + V3rd

 The have played cricket.Cricket has been played by them.
 People have seen wolves in the streets.Wolves have been seen in the streets.

Past simple



Was/ were + V3rd

 The teacher taught me to speak English.I was taught to speak English by the teacher.
 They killed a terrorist yesterday.A terrorist was killed by them yesterday.

Past continuous

Was/were +V ing form


Was/ were +being +V3rd

 The peon was ringing the bell.The bell was being rung by the peon.
 They were playing cricket.Cricket was being played by them.

Past perfect

Had + V3rd


Had +been + V3rd

 He had stolen my toys.My toys had been stolen by him.
 She had eaten fruits.Fruits had been eaten by her.

Future simple

Will/ shall + V1st


Will/ shall +be+ V3rd

 People will help him.He will be helped.
 He will like books.Book will be liked by him.

Future perfect

Will/shall+ have+ V3rd


Will/ shall + have + been + V3rd

 She will have written an application.An application have been written by her.
 He will have invited me.I shall have been invited by him.


Modal (can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, ought to, used to) + V1st


Modal +be + V3rd

 He may attend the class.The class may be attended by him.
 The girl would write a book.A book would be written by the girl.


Modal + have + V3rd


Modal + have +been +V3rd

 We ought to have loved our parents.Our parents ought to have been loved.
 I should have helped him.He should have been helped.
11.Ditransitive (verb with two object) 
 I gave him a book.

A book is given to him by me.


He is given a book by me.

 The manager will give you a ticket.

A ticket will be given to you by the manager.


You will be given a ticket by the manager.

12.With object compliment 
 They made him their king.

He was made their king.

 They named her Jessica.She was named Jessica.

Static verbs- verbs that shows state of mind or feeling, not the action

Subject+ verb+ object prepositions other than by

 These people know him well.He is well known to these people.
 The book has greatly interested me.I have been greatly interested in the book.


14.Infinitive simple (to+V1st ) is/am/are/was/were+ infinitive(to+be+V3rd)
 I was to help him.He was to be helped.
 We are to help him.He is to be helped.
15.Bare infinitiveFull infinitive
 They made me laugh.I was made to laugh.
 We saw the camel cross the road.The camel was seen to cross the road.
 But let does not take a full infinitive even in the passive voice 
 We let him go.

He was let go.



16.Verb+ object+ bare infinitiveBe+ V3rd+full infinitive
 I saw her sing a song.

She was seen to sing a song.

 I found him cross the road.

He was found to cross the road.



17.There is/are etc. + subject+ infinitiveThere is/are etc.+ subject+ to+ be+ V3rd

There is nothing to gain.

There is nothing to be gained.
 There is no money to waste.

There is no money to be wasted.


18.It is time + infinitiveIt is time+ for+ S(receiver)+ to+ be+ V3rd
 It is time to learn French.

It is time for French to be learnt.

 It is now time to play cricket.

It is now time for cricket to be played.


19.Imperative : order/commandLet+ object+ be+ V3rd
 Close all the gates at once.

Let all the gates be closed at once.

 Give the order to open fire.

Let the order to open fire be given.



20.Imperative: adviceShould/must+ be+ V3rd
 Take medicine on time.

Medicine should be taken on time.

 Love your country.Your country should be loved.




Imperative request(with please/kindly) 
 Please give me some more time.

You are requested to give me some more time.


I may please be given some more time.


Some more time may please be given to me.


Kindly grant me a week’s leave.

You are requested to grant me a week’s leave.


I may kindly be granted a week’s leave.


A week’s leave may kindly be granted to me.



Imperative Let

Let+ indirect object+ V1st+ direct object

Let+ direct object+ be+ V3rd+ by+ indirect object
 Let her sing a song.Let a song be sung by her.
 Let me discuss the matter.Let the matter be discussed.

Active passive RULES


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